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Tribocorrosion behaviour of nanostructured titanium substrates processed by high-pressure torsion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21063052     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aseptic loosening induced by wear particles from artificial bearing materials is one of the main causes of malfunctioning in total hip replacements. With the increase in young and active patients, complications in revision surgeries and immense health care costs, there is considerable interest in wear-resistant materials that can endure longer in the harsh and corrosive body environment. Here, the tribological behaviour of nanostructured titanium substrates processed by high-pressure torsion (HPT) is investigated and compared with the coarse-grained samples. The high resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals that a nanostructured sample has a grain size of 5-10 nm compared to that of ∼ 10 µm and ∼ 50 µm for untreated and annealed substrates, respectively. Dry and wet wear tests were performed using a linear reciprocating ball-on-flat tribometer. Nanostructured samples show the best dry wear resistance and the lowest wear rate in the electrolyte. There was significantly lower plastic deformation and no change in preferred orientation of nanostructured samples attributable to the wear process. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) shows lower corrosion resistance for nanostructured samples. However, under the action of both wear and corrosion the nanostructured samples show superior performance and that makes them an attractive candidate for applications in which wear and corrosion act simultaneously.
Authors:
S Faghihi; D Li; J A Szpunar
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-11-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nanotechnology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1361-6528     ISO Abbreviation:  Nanotechnology     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101241272     Medline TA:  Nanotechnology     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  485703     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials Division, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), Room 117, Shahrak-e Pajoohesh, km 15, Tehran-Karaj Highway, Tehran, PO Box 14965/161, Iran. sfaghihi@nigeb.ac.ir
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