Document Detail


Triazine residues in raw milk and infant formulas from Spanish northwest, by a diphasic dialysis extraction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22137903     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Residue levels of herbicides (triazines) were determined in milk by a new and sensitive analytical method. A total of 312 samples were collected (70 infant formulas and 242 raw milk) biweekly during a 24-month period. A method is reported for the analysis of triazine with extraction by diphasic dialysis and determination by gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection (CG/NPD) and by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) to confirm positive results. Detection limits (LODs) were 0.01mg/l for terbuthylazine, 0.07mg/l for simazine and 0.04mg/l for atrazine by CG/NPD. Optimal extraction was obtained with dichloromethane at 34°C, and stirring at 200rpm for 4h. This extraction method improves recovery by up to 89% for terbuthylazine, 75% for simazine and 116% for atrazine. The frequency of total samples containing triazine residues was 12.50%; considering, separately, raw milk and infant formulas, this percentage was 16.11% and 5.71%, respectively. Finally, because one sample contained triazine levels slightly higher than established MRLs and owing to the known effects of these contaminants on infants health and development, urgent actions are needed for monitoring and controlling of the level of contamination in infant formula which not exceeds tolerable limit recommended by European and Spanish legislation.
Authors:
M Angeles García; M Santaeufemia; M Julia Melgar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-6351     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Toxicology, University of Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain.
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