Document Detail

Triamcinolone decreases bupivacaine toxicity to intervertebral disc cell in vitro.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22819189     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Local anesthetics combined with corticosteroids are commonly used for management of back pain in interventional spinal procedures. Several recent studies suggest cytotoxicity of bupivacaine, whereas others report protective and cytotoxic effects of corticosteroids on chondrocytes and intervertebral disc cells. Considering the frequent use of these agents in spinal interventions, it is meaningful to know how they affect intervertebral disc cells. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to assess the effects of bupivacaine and triamcinolone, both alone and in combination, on viability of intervertebral disc cells in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Nucleus pulposus cells were isolated from human disc specimens from patients undergoing surgery because of disc herniation or degenerative disc disease. They were grown in three-dimensional alginate beads for 1 week to maintain their differentiated phenotypes and to allow for matrix formation before analysis. After 1 week of culture, the cells were exposed to bupivacaine (0.1%, 0.25%, 0.5%, and 1%) or bupivacaine (0.1%, 0.25%, 0.5%, and 1%) with 1 mg of triamcinolone for 1, 3, or 6 hours. Cell viability was measured using trypan blue exclusion assay and flow cytometry. Live cell/dead cell fluorescent imaging was assessed using confocal microscopy. RESULTS: Trypan blue exclusion assays demonstrated dose- and time-dependent cytotoxic effects of bupivacaine on human nucleus pulposus cells. Similar but reduced cytotoxicity was observed after exposure to the combination of bupivacaine and 1 mg of triamcinolone. Flow cytometry showed a dose-dependent cytotoxic effect of bupivacaine on nucleus pulposus cells after 3 hours of exposure. The reduced cytotoxicity of bupivacaine combined with 1 mg of triamcinolone was also confirmed in flow cytometry. Confocal images showed that the increase in dead cells correlated with the concentration of bupivacaine. Nevertheless, fewer cells died after exposure to several different concentrations of bupivacaine combined with 1 mg of triamcinolone than did after exposure to bupivacaine alone. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of bupivacaine and triamcinolone induced dose- and time-dependent cytotoxicity on human intervertebral disc cells in vitro, but the cytotoxicity was much weaker than that of bupivacaine alone. This study shows a potential protective influence of triamcinolone on intervertebral disc cells.
Ju-Hyung Moon; Sung-Uk Kuh; Hyo-Suk Park; Kyung-Hyun Kim; Jeong-Yoon Park; Dong-Kyu Chin; Keun-Su Kim; Yong-Eun Cho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-1632     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101130732     Medline TA:  Spine J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Neurosurgery, Spine and Spinal Cord Institute, Gangnam Severance Spine Hospital,Yonsei University College of Medicine, 712 Eonjuro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, South Korea.
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