Document Detail

Trends and random fluctuations in athletics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12037557     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Improvements in the results of athletic competitions are often considered to stem from better training and equipment, but elements of chance are always present in athletics and these also contribute. Here we distinguish between these two effects by estimating the range into which athletic records would have fallen in the absence of systematic progress and then comparing this with actual performance results. We find that only 4 out of 22 disciplines have shown a systematic improvement, and that annual best results worldwide show saturation in some disciplines.
Daniel Gembris; John G Taylor; Dieter Suter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature     Volume:  417     ISSN:  0028-0836     ISO Abbreviation:  Nature     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-30     Completed Date:  2002-06-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410462     Medline TA:  Nature     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  506     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Medicine, Research Center Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Normal Distribution
Sports / statistics & numerical data*,  trends*
Stochastic Processes
Track and Field / statistics & numerical data,  trends

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