Document Detail

Trends in teenage termination of pregnancy and its risk factors: a population-based study in Finland, 1987-2009.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22777526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY QUESTION: What are the current trends in teenage termination of pregnancy (TOP) and its risk factors?
SUMMARY ANSWER: The incidence of teenage TOP fluctuated substantially during the study period and the incidence of repeat TOP among adolescents increased markedly in the 2000s.
WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Teenage pregnancy is associated with difficulties in psychological, sexual and overall health. The proportion of teenage pregnancies resulting in termination varies by country and time, but only few countries have reliable statistics on TOPs.
STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: This nationwide retrospective register study included all the TOPs (n= 52 968) and deliveries (n= 58 882) in Finland between 1987 and 2009 among girls <20 years of age at the beginning of pregnancy.
PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: The cohorts were divided into three subgroups; 13-15- (n= 6087), 16-17- (n= 18 826) and 18-19- (n= 28 055) year-olds.
MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: After an initial steady decline, the incidence of teenage TOP increased by 44% between 1993 (8.0/1000) and 2003 (11.5/1000), and thereafter declined by 16% until 2009 (9.7/1000). The incidence was higher in older adolescents, but the trends were alike in all age groups. Early TOPs (performed at <56 days of gestation) more than tripled from 11 to 36% during the study period. However, the proportion of second-trimester TOPs remained steady at ≈ 7%. Young age [13-15 years: odds ratio (OR) 1.75 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.57-1.94), 16-17 years: OR 1.13 (1.05-1.23), 18-19 years: OR 1 (reference category)] and non-use of contraception [(OR 11.16 (10.15-12.27)] were related to a higher risk of second-trimester TOP. The incidence of repeat TOP increased by 95% from 1.9/1000 to 3.7/1000 in 18-19-year-olds and by 120% from 0.5/1000 to 1.1/1000 in 16-17-year-olds between 1993 and 2009. Increasing age [13-15 years: OR 0.16 (95% CI 0.14-0.19), 16-17 years: OR 0.49 (0.45-0.52), 18-19 years 1 (Ref)], living in an urban area [rural: OR 0.62 (0.56-0.67), urban: OR 1 (Ref)] and having undergone a second-trimester TOP [OR 1.46 (1.31-1.63)] were risk factors for repeat TOP. The planned use of intrauterine contraception for post-abortal contraception increased from 2.6 to 6.2% and among girls with repeat TOP from 10 to 19%.
LIMITATIONS: The retrospective nature of the study remains a limitation and the quality of the data is reliant on the accuracy of reporting. We were not able to link repeat TOPs of the same woman in our data set. However, the share of repeat abortions was moderate. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS The rate of teenage TOP seems to rapidly reflect changes in national sexual and reproductive health services and policy. The rising rate of repeat TOP is alarming and may represent a sign of marginalization among these girls. All efforts to maintain a low rate of teenage pregnancy are welcomed.
S Leppälahti; M Gissler; M Mentula; O Heikinheimo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-07-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human reproduction (Oxford, England)     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1460-2350     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Reprod.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-10     Completed Date:  2013-01-11     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701199     Medline TA:  Hum Reprod     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2829-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kätilöopisto Hospital, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, PO Box 610, 00029-HUS, Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Induced / statistics & numerical data*,  trends
Cohort Studies
Maternal Age
Pregnancy Trimester, First
Pregnancy Trimester, Second
Pregnancy in Adolescence / statistics & numerical data*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Time Factors
Young Adult

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