Document Detail


Trends in suicide case fatality in Italy, 1983-2007.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22341768     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The proportion of suicide attempts ending up in the death of the attempter was used in past studies as an index of suicide lethality, or case fatality. This study aimed at investigating whether case fatality of suicide has decreased in Italy over the latest 25years using available data, as an alternative hypothesis to the proposed general decrease in suicidal behavior resulting from better identification and treatment of people with mental disorders. The official data on completed and attempted suicides by males and females in Italy, from 1983 to 2007, were analyzed with joinpoint regression analysis, to identify the points (i.e., "joinpoints") where linear trends changed significantly in direction or magnitude. It should be noted that only the most severe suicide attempts are recorded in Italian official statistics. Suicide rates decreased in both sexes, particularly from 1990 onward. Attempted suicide rates increased progressively in males, while in females they reached their peak in 1996-1998 and then decreased. In both sexes suicide case fatalities significantly decreased from 1990 onward. Improved survival after a suicide act is probably the main reason behind this favorable trend. The spreading of emergency services may prevent suicide.
Authors:
Antonio Preti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatry research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0165-1781     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7911385     Medline TA:  Psychiatry Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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