Document Detail

Trends in risk factors for vascular disease in Australia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2783348     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Data from the National Heart Foundation Risk Factor Prevalence Surveys of 1980 and 1983 were analysed to detect national trends in risk factors for vascular disease in Australia. After statistical adjustment for differences in the demographic characteristics of the two populations of survey participants, our results show trends in smoking and blood pressure that are likely to result in a continuing fall in the incidence of vascular disease. There was a fall in the prevalence of current smoking from 32% to 29% but little change in the average daily consumption of cigarettes by current smokers. The prevalence of previously-undetected hypertension fell significantly from 10% to 7%. A small increase occurred in the proportion of all hypertensive patients who were treated and whose blood pressure was controlled, and a decline of 2.0 mmHg (P less than 0.0001) in mean diastolic blood pressures, but no significant change in mean systolic pressures. Mean total plasma cholesterol levels did not change; average levels of plasma triglycerides fell by 0.11 mmol/L (P less than 0.0001); and mean high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels increased by 0.03 mol/L (P less than 0.0001). All indices of relative body weight increased between 1980 and 1983; mean body mass index rose by 0.23 with associated rises in the prevalence of obesity and of overweight status. The changes in other factors such as use of added salt, the consumption of alcohol, the level of physical activity and adherence to a special diet, all were in the desirable direction, although minor changes in the survey questionnaire might have served to exaggerate the apparent trends.
K Jamrozik; R Hockey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Medical journal of Australia     Volume:  150     ISSN:  0025-729X     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. J. Aust.     Publication Date:  1989 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-02-09     Completed Date:  1989-02-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400714     Medline TA:  Med J Aust     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Unit of Clinical Epidemiology, University of Western Australia, Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre, Nedlands.
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MeSH Terms
Coronary Disease / mortality*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health Surveys*
Hypercholesterolemia / epidemiology
Hypertension / epidemiology
Hypertriglyceridemia / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Obesity / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Smoking / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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