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Trends in the prevalence of malaria and anemia at delivery in Libreville from 1995 to 2011.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22362060     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In 1995, 2005 and 2011, cross-sectional studies of 611 parturients at the Centre Hospitalier de Libreville in Gabon assessed the prevalence of maternal malaria and anaemia; two indicators of poor pregnancy outcomes. The prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum infection in maternal peripheral blood decreased from 25% in 2005 to 6% in 2011. Parasite density was significantly lower in 2005 (31 p/μL) than in 1995 (1,240 p/μL) or 2011 (35,055 p/μL). Anaemia prevalence was high (>50%) in 1995 and in 2005, but fell by more than 50% (24%) in 2011. After implementation of new malaria prevention strategies during pregnancy, the prevalence of both maternal peripheral P. falciparum infection and anaemia fell. Studies are necessary to assess the efficacy of these strategies and to seek other causes of anaemia.
Authors:
Marielle Karine Bouyou-Akotet; Solange Nzenze-Afène; Denise Patricia Mawili-Mboumba; Mathieu Owono-Medang; Vincent Guiyedi; Maryvonne Kombila
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sante (Montrouge, France)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1157-5999     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9212437     Medline TA:  Sante     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Université des sciences de la santé Faculté de médecine Département de parasitologie-mycologie BP 4009 Libreville Gabon.
Vernacular Title:
Infection plasmodiale et anémie chez des parturientes du centre hospitalier de Libreville entre 1995 et 2011.
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