Document Detail


Trends in prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in the middle-aged population of China, 1992-1998.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15785004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to analyze the trends in prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in the middle-aged population of China. There were about 1,000 participants each from 13 different study populations that were examined in surveys conducted from 1992-1994 (n=18,746) and in 1998 (n=13,504) in conjunction with the China Multi-Center Study of Cardiovascular Epidemiology. Half the subjects were men and half were women; their ages ranged from 35 to 59 years. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure > or =140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure > or =90 mmHg, and/or current treatment with antihypertensive medications. Hypertension awareness and treatment were assessed with a standardized questionnaire. Hypertension control was defined as blood pressure measurements of less than 140/90 mmHg. The results showed that 24.0% of participants had hypertension in 1998, an increase of 2.3% from 1992-1994 (p <0.05). The prevalence of hypertension was 25.4% higher in urban than in rural areas, and was higher in men than in women. Among hypertensives, 42.6% were aware of their hypertension (a 5.3% increase compared with 1992-1994, p <0.05), 31.1% were treated (a 3.8% increase, p <0.05), and 6.0% were controlled (a 2.6% increase, p <0.05). The rates of awareness, treatment and control were higher in women than men, and higher in urban than rural areas. For treated hypertensives, the rate of control increased from 12.7% in 1992-1994 to 19.9% in 1998 (p <0.05). These findings indicate that hypertension prevalence is increasing in China. Control rates, while improving, still remain low. This implies that effective public health measures are needed to enhance the awareness, treatment, and control rates in the Chinese population.
Authors:
Zengwu Wang; Yangfeng Wu; Liancheng Zhao; Ying Li; Jun Yang; Beifan Zhou;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0916-9636     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertens. Res.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-23     Completed Date:  2005-07-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307690     Medline TA:  Hypertens Res     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  703-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology, Cardiovascular Disease Institute and Fu Wai Hospital, CAMS and PUMC.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aging / psychology
Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
Awareness*
Blood Pressure
China / epidemiology
Female
Humans
Hypertension / epidemiology*,  physiopathology,  psychology,  therapy*
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Rural Population
Sex Distribution
Urban Population
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antihypertensive Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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