Document Detail

Trends in opiate-related deaths in the United Kingdom and Australia, 1985-1995.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10661675     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This paper compares data on rates of opiate overdose mortality in the UK and Australia between 1985 and 1995. Data on rates of ICD 9-coded overdose mortality were obtained from the Office of National Statistics in the UK and from the Australian Bureau of Statistics mortality register. The proportion of all deaths attributed to opioid overdose increased in both countries between 1985 and 1995. The proportion of all deaths attributed to opioid overdose was substantially higher in Australia than in the UK, but methadone appeared to contribute to more opioid overdose deaths in the UK (50%) than in Australia (18%). Given deficiencies in the available data, the reasons for these differences between the two countries are uncertain but a plausible hypothesis is that the greater availability and ease of access to methadone maintenance in the UK contributes to both the lower rate of opioid overdose mortality and the greater apparent contribution that methadone makes to opioid overdose deaths in that country.
W Hall; M Lynskey; L Degenhardt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and alcohol dependence     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0376-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Publication Date:  2000 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-29     Completed Date:  2000-02-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513587     Medline TA:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  247-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Australia / epidemiology
Cause of Death / trends*
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Cross-Sectional Studies
Great Britain / epidemiology
Methadone / poisoning
Narcotics / poisoning*
Overdose / mortality*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Narcotics; 76-99-3/Methadone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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