Document Detail

Trends in mortality caused by respiratory distress syndrome in the United States, 1969-83.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3674249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Using United States vital statistical data we examined trends in infant deaths from Respiratory Distress Syndrome/Hyaline Membrane Disease (RDS/HMD) for 1969 to 1983, by race and age at death. In order to improve comparability of diagnosis across two revisions of the International Classification of Diseases, deaths from RDS/HMD were ascertained using both underlying and associated causes of death. These data document a 2 per cent per year increase in infant mortality attributed to RDS/HMD for all races during interval I (1969-73) followed by 9 per cent per year decreases during intervals II (1974-78) and III (1979-83). However, there was a marked difference between Whites and Blacks in these trends. In the White population, RDS/HMD infant mortality increased by 2.2 per cent per year in interval I but then decreased by 10.5 per cent per year in interval II and 8.9 per cent per year in interval III. Among Blacks, on the other hand, the initial increase in RDS/HMD mortality was steeper (5.2 per cent per year) and the subsequent decreases were less (6.3 per cent per year and 8.0 per cent per year). As a result, the Black-White ratio in infant mortality attributed to RDS/HMD increased from 1.32 in 1969-73, to 1.59 in 1974-78 and to 1.72 in 1979-83. The proportion of RDS/HMD deaths that occurred in the postneonatal period increased from 1.1 per cent in interval I to 3.6 per cent in interval II to 5.0 per cent in interval III.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
M H Malloy; R B Hartford; J C Kleinman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0090-0036     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  1987 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-12-17     Completed Date:  1987-12-17     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1511-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Prevention Research Program, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892.
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MeSH Terms
African Continental Ancestry Group
Age Factors
Cause of Death
Death Certificates
European Continental Ancestry Group
Hyaline Membrane Disease / mortality
Infant, Newborn
National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / mortality*
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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