Document Detail

Trends in inbreeding, isonymy, and repeated pairs of surnames in the Valserine Valley, French Jura, 1763-1972.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11048793     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The estimates of inbreeding derived from pedigrees and frequency of isonymous marriages (i.e., between persons of the same surname) are compared using genealogical and isonymic information from 4,899 marriages recorded between 1763 and 1972 in 4 rural villages of the French Jura region (a mountainous area near the Swiss border). Before the second half of the 20th century, the two kinds of estimates show a different temporal evolution. The mean inbreeding coefficient based on pedigrees increases between 1763 and 1852 and reaches a maximum between 1853 and 1882 (alpha = 0.0028), with a very low percentage (< 1%) the result of remote kinship. The mean inbreeding coefficient based on isonymy is always higher, with a maximum observed between 1793 and 1822 (F = 0.0200), and it remains roughly the same between 1763 and 1882 (F = 0.0150), with a high percentage resulting from a random component (Fr), a consequence of the small population size and genetic drift. After 1883, the 2 mean coefficients decrease. This discordance is largely explained by the poor quality, for the first periods, of the genealogical data base, which ignores the more remote links of kinship, justifying the use of the model of Crow and Mange (1965) to explore consanguinity during the more ancient periods. The temporal evolution of the repeated pairs of surnames index (RP) confirms the recent evolution of the marital structure of the valley. Moreover, it appears that isonymous marriages and repeated and unique pairs of surnames constitute 3 distinct matrimonial groups characterized by both a different mean coefficient of inbreeding (alpha) and a different rate of endogamy.
M Vernay
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human biology     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0018-7143     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Biol.     Publication Date:  2000 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-11-07     Completed Date:  2000-11-07     Revised Date:  2011-04-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0116717     Medline TA:  Hum Biol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  675-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre d'Etudes Démographiques, Université Lumière-Lyon 2, France.
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MeSH Terms
Gene Frequency* / genetics
History, 18th Century
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Marriage / history*
Models, Genetic
Population Density

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