Document Detail


Trends in the human sex odds at birth in Europe and the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17482426     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To investigate trends in the sex odds before and after the Chernobyl accident, gender-specific annual birth statistics were obtained from the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Norway, Poland, and Sweden between 1982 and 1992. For parts of Germany, annual birth statistics and fallout measurements after Chernobyl are available at the district level. Trend models allowing for discontinuities of the male birth proportions are suggested. Superimposed on a downward trend in male proportions there was a jump in 1987 with a sex odds ratio of 1.0047 (95%-confidence interval: 1.0013-1.0081, p=0.0061). A positive association of the male proportion in Germany between 1986 and 1991 with radioactive exposure at the district level is reflected by a sex odds ratio of 1.0145 per mSv/a (1.0021-1.0271, p=0.0218). These findings suggest a possible long-term chronic influence of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident on the human sex odds at birth in several European countries.
Authors:
Hagen Scherb; Kristina Voigt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study     Date:  2007-04-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.)     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0890-6238     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-21     Completed Date:  2007-07-13     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803591     Medline TA:  Reprod Toxicol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  593-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Biomathematics and Biometry, GSF-National Research Centre for Environment and Health, Ingolstaedter Landstrasse 1, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany. scherb@gsf.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants, Radioactive / adverse effects*
Birth Rate / trends
Cesium Radioisotopes / adverse effects*
Chernobyl Nuclear Accident*
Europe / epidemiology
Female
Germany / epidemiology
Humans
Live Birth / epidemiology*
Logistic Models
Male
Odds Ratio
Population Surveillance
Radioactive Fallout / adverse effects*
Radioactive Hazard Release*
Sex Ratio*
Stillbirth / epidemiology*
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants, Radioactive; 0/Cesium Radioisotopes; 0/Radioactive Fallout

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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