Document Detail


Trends in general and abdominal obesity among Chinese children and adolescents 1993-2009.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22718681     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the secular trends in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity among Chinese children and adolescents from 1993 to 2009.
METHODS: Data were obtained from the China health and nutrition survey conducted from 1993 to 2009. 9693 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years were included in this study, with their height, weight and WC measured. General obesity was defined using the BMI cut-offs for overweight recommended by the International Obesity Task Force, and abdominal obesity was assessed when a WC is above the 90th percentile for gender and age.
RESULTS: Among the total participants, mean BMI and WC increased significantly over the period 1993-2009: BMI increased from 17.6 to 17.8 kg m(-2) , and WC increased from 61.4 to 63.1 cm (both increases P < 0.001). The prevalence of general obesity and abdominal obesity increased significantly over the period: general obesity (including overweight) rose from 6.1% to 13.1% and abdominal obesity from 4.9% to 11.7% (both increases P < 0.001). WC and abdominal obesity increased at a relatively higher rate than BMI and general obesity. Upward trends in the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity were observed in all subgroups of gender, age and region (all increases P < 0.05), except for abdominal obesity in girls aged 13-17 years (P = 0.102).
CONCLUSION: General and abdominal obesity increased significantly over the past 17 years in Chinese children.
Authors:
Y J Liang; B Xi; A Q Song; J X Liu; J Mi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-06-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric obesity     Volume:  7     ISSN:  2047-6310     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Obes     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-12     Completed Date:  2013-02-01     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101572033     Medline TA:  Pediatr Obes     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  355-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity © 2012 International Association for the Study of Obesity.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Body Mass Index
Child
China / epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Nutrition Surveys
Obesity / epidemiology*
Obesity, Abdominal / epidemiology*
Overweight / epidemiology
Rural Population
Sex Factors
Urban Population
Waist Circumference
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK056350/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-01/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-02/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-03/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-04/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-05/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-05S1/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-05S2/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-05S3/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-05S4/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-06/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-07/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-08/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-08S1/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-09/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-09S1/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-09S2/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-09S3/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-10/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-11/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-11S1/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-12/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; P30 DK056350-13/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 HD030880/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-06/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-07/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-08/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-08S1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-09/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-10/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-11/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-12/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-13/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-14/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-15/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-16/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-17/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-18/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-19/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD038700/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD038700-01/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD038700-02/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD038700-03/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD038700-03S1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD038700-04/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD038700-05/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01-HD30880/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01-HD38700/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
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