Document Detail

Trends in energy and nutrient intake and risk of inadequate intakes in Catalonia, Spain (1992-2003).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17988407     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To analyse trends in energy and nutrient intakes and nutritional adequacy from 1992 to 2003. DESIGN: Two consecutive cross-sectional studies carried out on random samples of the Catalan population ENCAT 1992-93 and ENCAT 2002-03. Dietary intake was assessed by means of two 24-hour recalls on non-consecutive days. Spanish food consumption tables were used. Energy and nutrient data were adjusted for intraindividual variability, and the Spanish recommend nutrient intakes (RNIs) were used in the analysis. SETTING: Catalonia region, North Eastern Spain. SUBJECTS: Analysis is based on a total of 4701 individuals; 2641 from ENCAT 1992-93 (1210 men and 1431 women) and 2060 from ENCAT 2002-03 (954 men and 1106 women), aged 10-75 years. RESULTS: No relevant changes in energy intake trends were observed, although a decrease was observed in the daily consumption of proteins (-7 g), cholesterol (-56 mg), potassium (-245 mg), vitamin A (-283 RE microg), retinoids (-71 microg), carotenoids (-1520 microg), niacin (-29 mg), folates (-15 microg), vitamin B12 (-1.6 microg) vitamin D (-0.5 microg), fibre and iron, and an increase in the consumption of calcium (+57 mg) and a slight increase in lipids and fatty acids (% energy). In general, the most outstanding trends were those of vitamin A (as a result of the decreased consumption of offal), proteins, vitamin D and B12 (due to the decreased consumption of meat and fish) and calcium (as a consequence of the increased consumption of dairy products). CONCLUSION: No changes were observed in the energy intake of males or females; therefore, the obesity changes may possibly be attributed to changes in physical activity patterns. However, an increase in energy sources of a poorer nutritional profile has been identified, especially for between meal snacks.
Lluís Serra-Majem; Lourdes Ribas-Barba; Gemma Salvador; Lluís Jover; Blanca Raidó; Joy Ngo; Antoni Plasencia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-08     Completed Date:  2008-04-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1354-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Community Nutrition Research Centre, University of Barcelona Science Park, Baldiri Reixac 4, Torre D 4A1, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet* / standards,  trends
Diet Surveys
Energy Intake*
Food Habits
Mental Recall
Micronutrients / administration & dosage
Middle Aged
Nutrition Policy*
Nutritional Requirements*
Nutritional Status*
Nutritive Value
Obesity / epidemiology,  etiology
Public Health
Reg. No./Substance:

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