Document Detail

Trends in dietary intake of vitamins A, C, and E in German children and adolescents--results of the DONALD Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14639796     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Intake of vitamins A, C, and E was evaluated and age and time trends were assessed on the basis of 3-day weighed dietary records (n = 5121) of 2- to 18-year old boys (n = 417) and girls (n = 425) enrolled in the DONALD Study (Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed Study) 1986-2001. Intake of vitamin A remains stable over time, intake of vitamin C increases linearly, and intake of vitamin E follows a nonlinear trend. Age trends of vitamins A and C (per MJ) were nonlinear with a minimum at the beginning adolescence, while intake of vitamin E (per MJ) increased linearly. Girls had higher nutrient densities but lower intakes expressed as percent of reference values. Fortified food in total had a higher impact on time trends of nutrient intake than other single food groups defined here. Our results point to the impact of the food industry on long-term nutrient intake, but also underline the necessity of nutrition education even in young age groups to improve vitamin intake.
Ute Alexy; Mathilde Kersting; Wolfgang Sichert-Hellert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0300-9831     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Vitam Nutr Res     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-26     Completed Date:  2004-04-23     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1273304     Medline TA:  Int J Vitam Nutr Res     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  335-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Research Institute of Child Nutrition (FKE), Dortmund.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Antioxidants / administration & dosage*
Ascorbic Acid / administration & dosage*
Basal Metabolism / drug effects,  physiology
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology
Child Welfare
Child, Preschool
Eating / physiology*
Energy Intake / physiology
Food Habits / physiology
Germany / epidemiology
Longitudinal Studies
Reference Values
Sex Factors
Vitamin A / administration & dosage*
Vitamin E / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 11103-57-4/Vitamin A; 1406-18-4/Vitamin E; 50-81-7/Ascorbic Acid

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