Document Detail


Trends in blunt laryngotracheal trauma in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19501418     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the presentation, mechanisms, and management of blunt laryngotracheal trauma in a pediatric population, emphasizing the rise in severity. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of laryngotracheal trauma evaluated from 1995 to 2008. The presentation, mechanism, management and outcomes data are detailed. SETTING: Tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: Thirty-five patients were identified with major laryngotracheal trauma. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Surgical results, airway patency, voicing, swallowing and other residual disabilities are tabulated. RESULTS: Average age was 10.8 years, with boys outnumbering girls 22-13. In cases of major trauma, mechanisms were related to motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) in seven patients. Five of 11 major trauma victims were unconscious at presentation. Definitive airway reconstruction involved laryngotracheoplasty and tracheal resection/reanastomosis. Ten of 11 remain decannulated. CONCLUSIONS: In an increasingly mobile society, major laryngotracheal trauma is occurring in a younger population. Victims of major laryngotracheal trauma may be unconscious or have other injuries that obscure airway injury, highlighting the need for vigilance. Once the airway is secured and the patient stabilized, airway reconstruction is undertaken, achieving decannulation in most patients. Hoarseness is often a lasting morbidity.
Authors:
Christopher T Wootten; Matthew A Bromwich; Charles M Myer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-06-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1872-8464     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-29     Completed Date:  2009-10-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003603     Medline TA:  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1071-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA. ctwootten@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Larynx / injuries*,  surgery
Male
Retrospective Studies
Trachea / injuries*,  surgery
Wounds, Nonpenetrating / therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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