Document Detail


Trends in the accuracy of older person trauma triage from 2004 to 2008.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20874504     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Older injured persons are frequently undertriaged, increasing the risk for preventable mortality and morbidity in an already-vulnerable population. Changes made in 2006 to the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT) Field Triage Decision Scheme might improve triage accuracy for this population.
OBJECTIVE: This study examined triage accuracy before and after the 2006 revisions.
METHODS: This secondary analysis of 2004, 2007, and 2008 data from the National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System included persons aged 55 years and older who were transported to a hospital and had a maximum injury severity of uninjured or an Abbreviated Injury Scale score of 1 to 5. Trauma center and non-trauma center admission was a proxy for triage accuracy. Frequencies, means, standard deviations, sensitivities, specificities, positive predictive values (PPVs), and negative predictive values (NPVs) were calculated.
RESULTS: Although triage accuracy has improved from 2004 to 2008, the undertriage rate still remains higher than the ACS-COT target of 5-10%. Overtriage rates have remained slightly above or within an acceptable range, suggesting that gains in triage accuracy have not unduly overburdened trauma centers. Both PPV and NPV have improved since 2004.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a positive trend in triage accuracy for older injured persons since 2004. Ongoing funding, continued trauma system development with more training emphasis on scene evaluation of older adults, and the use of the ACS-COT triage decision scheme are essential for further improvement of triage accuracy. More research is needed to identify and validate additional triage criteria that are sensitive to severe injuries in older persons.
Authors:
Linda J Scheetz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prehospital emergency care : official journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the National Association of State EMS Directors     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1545-0066     ISO Abbreviation:  Prehosp Emerg Care     Publication Date:    2011 Jan-Mar
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-24     Completed Date:  2011-06-02     Revised Date:  2012-04-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9703530     Medline TA:  Prehosp Emerg Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Nursing, State University of New York, New Paltz, New Paltz, NY 12561, USA. linda.scheetz@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abbreviated Injury Scale
Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging
Analysis of Variance
Databases, Factual
Decision Making, Organizational*
Decision Support Techniques
Efficiency, Organizational / statistics & numerical data*,  trends
Female
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Predictive Value of Tests
Risk Assessment
Sensitivity and Specificity
Trauma Severity Indices
Triage / methods*,  trends
United States / epidemiology
Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology,  therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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