Document Detail


Treatment of word retrieval deficits in aphasia. A comparison of two therapy methods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4075074     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of two therapy methods in the treatment of picture naming problems are compared, using a within-patient design with 12 adult patients with chronic acquired aphasia. We contrast techniques that require the patient to process the meaning corresponding to the picture name (semantic treatment) with those that provide the patients with information about the phonological form of the name (phonological treatment). With each method, patients either had 4 sessions of treatment over one week, or 8 sessions over two weeks. Both methods caused day-by-day improvement that was specific to the actual items treated. Both methods resulted in significant improvement in naming when this was measured one week after the end of treatment, with a small, but significant advantage for the semantic treatment; this is mainly due to improvement that generalizes to untreated items. We conclude that specific and theoretically motivated treatment methods can cause significant improvement in the word retrieval ability of patients with chronic aphasia.
Authors:
D Howard; K Patterson; S Franklin; V Orchard-Lisle; J Morton
Related Documents :
11019474 - Patient acceptance of outpatient treatment for inguinal hernia in jos, nigeria.
6850224 - Clinical indications for optimal use of the radionuclide brain scan.
9659624 - Information preferences, reading ability, and emotional changes in outpatients during t...
8209004 - Quantification of patient to patient variation of skin erythema developing as a respons...
2543924 - Itraconazole in human histoplasmosis.
21265304 - Characteristics of medical-surgical patients at the 86th combat support hospital during...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain : a journal of neurology     Volume:  108 ( Pt 4)     ISSN:  0006-8950     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain     Publication Date:  1985 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-02-18     Completed Date:  1986-02-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372537     Medline TA:  Brain     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  817-29     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anomia / therapy*
Aphasia / therapy*
Humans
Methods

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Autotopagnosia. Occurrence in a patient without nominal aphasia and with an intact ability to point ...
Next Document:  Prevalence and pattern of spinocerebellar degenerations in northeastern Libya.