Document Detail

Treatment of word retrieval deficits in aphasia. A comparison of two therapy methods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4075074     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effects of two therapy methods in the treatment of picture naming problems are compared, using a within-patient design with 12 adult patients with chronic acquired aphasia. We contrast techniques that require the patient to process the meaning corresponding to the picture name (semantic treatment) with those that provide the patients with information about the phonological form of the name (phonological treatment). With each method, patients either had 4 sessions of treatment over one week, or 8 sessions over two weeks. Both methods caused day-by-day improvement that was specific to the actual items treated. Both methods resulted in significant improvement in naming when this was measured one week after the end of treatment, with a small, but significant advantage for the semantic treatment; this is mainly due to improvement that generalizes to untreated items. We conclude that specific and theoretically motivated treatment methods can cause significant improvement in the word retrieval ability of patients with chronic aphasia.
D Howard; K Patterson; S Franklin; V Orchard-Lisle; J Morton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain : a journal of neurology     Volume:  108 ( Pt 4)     ISSN:  0006-8950     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain     Publication Date:  1985 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-02-18     Completed Date:  1986-02-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372537     Medline TA:  Brain     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  817-29     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anomia / therapy*
Aphasia / therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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