Document Detail


Treatment of tuberculosis in a rural area of Haiti: directly observed and non-observed regimens. The experience of H pital Albert Schweitzer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11258507     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
SETTING: Artibonite Valley, a rural area in Haiti. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a tuberculosis control program in rural Haiti and to compare two strategies for treatment implemented in two areas that were not chosen at random: treatment delivered at the patients' homes observed by former tuberculosis patients (DOT), and non observed treatment (non-DOT). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the clinical records of adult patients diagnosed with tuberculosis at H pital Albert Schweitzer in Deschapelles, Haiti, during 1994-1995. RESULTS: There were 143 patients in the non-DOT group and 138 patients in the DOT group. The results of treatment were significantly different: in the non-DOT group 29% defaulted, 12% died and 58% had a successful outcome; in the DOT group 7% defaulted (P < 0.01), 4% died (P = 0.01) and 87% had a successful outcome (P < 0.01). These differences are also significant when considering only human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients (defaulted P < 0.01; died P = 0.09; successful outcome P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Delivering treatment in patients' homes with direct observation by former tuberculosis patients can achieve good results, even in an area of extreme poverty and high rates of HIV infection. In this population the number of patients who are able to complete their treatment without observed administration is far from optimal.
Authors:
J E Ollé-Goig; J Alvarez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1027-3719     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis.     Publication Date:  2001 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-21     Completed Date:  2001-06-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706389     Medline TA:  Int J Tuberc Lung Dis     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  137-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Catalan Association for the Prevention and Treatment of Tuberculosis in the Third World (ACTMON) Barcelona, Spain. nicogallego@retemail.es
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Antitubercular Agents / administration & dosage*
Female
HIV Infections / epidemiology,  microbiology
Haiti / epidemiology
Home Care Services, Hospital-Based*
Humans
Male
Observation
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)*
Patient Compliance*
Retrospective Studies
Rural Health Services
Tuberculosis / drug therapy*,  epidemiology,  virology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antitubercular Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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