Document Detail

Treatment of symptomatic distal interphalangeal joint arthritis with percutaneous arthrodesis: a novel technique in select patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22131929     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Arthrodesis of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint is a reliable means of achieving pain relief in a symptomatic DIP joint afflicted by a variety of degenerative, inflammatory, or posttraumatic conditions. Successful arthrodesis is more reproducible when rigid compression of the joint is achieved. The emergence of an increasing number of commercially available headless or variable pitch compression screws reflects the growing trend among hand surgeons to utilize rigid stabilization of the DIP joint so that motion at more proximal levels can be initiated immediately without affecting arthrodesis rates. Successful closed percutaneous DIP arthrodesis can be achieved in a patient with hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, passively correctable deformity, and patients at increased risk for perioperative soft tissue complications associated with open arthrodesis. We present a novel percutaneous DIP fusion technique utilizing a cannulated headless compression screw in a select group of patients. The sagittal plane diameters of the distal and middle phalanges are templated. Cannulated headless compression screws, 2.4 and 3.0 mm, with short or long terminal threads at the leading end of the screw are selected based upon patient-specific anatomic considerations. Pain-free status and radiographic fusion were achieved in both patients (gout arthropathy, n = 1; posttraumatic arthritis, n = 1) at an average of 6 weeks postoperatively. Our current indications, along with pearls and pitfalls with this technique, are reviewed. In select patients, this percutaneous DIP joint arthrodesis is advantageous in comparison with open fusion techniques.
David E Ruchelsman; Antony Hazel; Chaitanya S Mudgal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-03-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hand (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1558-9455     ISO Abbreviation:  Hand (N Y)     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-01     Completed Date:  2012-08-23     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264149     Medline TA:  Hand (N Y)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  434-9     Citation Subset:  -    
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