Document Detail


Treatment of symptomatic convergence insufficiency with a home-based computer orthoptic exercise program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21458340     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of a home-based computer orthoptic program to treat symptomatic convergence insufficiency. METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive patients with symptomatic convergence insufficiency treated with a home-based computer orthoptic program was performed. Symptomatic convergence insufficiency was defined as: near point of convergence (NPC) >6 cm, decreased positive fusional vergence, exophoria at near at least 4(Δ) greater than at far, and documented complaints of asthenopia, diplopia, or headaches with reading or near work. The Computer Orthoptics CVS program was used for this study. Before beginning the computer orthoptic program, patients with an NPC >50 cm were given 4 base-in prisms and push-up exercises (NPC exercises with an accommodative target) for 2 weeks. RESULTS: A total of 42 patients were included. Mean treatment duration was 12.6 weeks; mean follow-up, 8.5 months. Of the 42 patients, 35 were treated with the home-based computer orthoptic program and push-up exercises; the remaining 7 only used the computer orthoptic program. Because of a remote NPC, 5 patients were given base-in Fresnel prism before starting treatment. Baseline mean NPC was 24.2 cm; posttreatment mean NPC improved to 5.6 cm: 39 patients (92.8%) achieved an NPC of ≤6 cm (p < 0.001). Positive fusional vergence improved in 39 patients (92.8%). Fourteen patients reduced their near exophoria by ≥5(Δ). A total of 27 patients (64.2%) reported resolution of symptoms after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, home-based computer orthoptic exercises reduced symptoms and improved NPC and fusional amplitudes. The computer orthoptic program is an effective option for treating symptomatic convergence insufficiency.
Authors:
Angela Serna; David L Rogers; Mary Lou McGregor; Richard P Golden; Don L Bremer; Gary L Rogers
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus / American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1528-3933     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9710011     Medline TA:  J AAPOS     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Nationwide Children's Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Columbus, Ohio.
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