Document Detail

Treatment of spinal epidural compression due to hematological malignancies: a single institution's retrospective experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23143094     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To analyze the neurological and mechanical outcomes in 44 consecutive patients treated for a hematological malignancy with epidural localization to assess the place of surgery in the treatment of this pathology.
METHODS: Clinical records, CT and MRI scans of 44 patients with epidural localizations of multiple myeloma or lymphoma treated between 1990 and 2005 were analyzed retrospectively. Neurological status, epiduritis and osteolysis volumes, vertebral collapse, and spinal canal compromise were assessed. The neurological outcome was graded according to Frankel and the mechanical outcome was evaluated on the rate of vertebral collapse.
RESULTS: Surgery was performed in 11 patients (25 %) for neurological (n = 9) or mechanical (n = 2) reasons. In five cases, a concomitant biopsy was performed because the etiology of the epiduritis was unknown. Fifteen patients (34.1 %) presented with a neurological deficit secondary to an acute vertebral collapse (n = 4), an epiduritis (n = 7), or both (n = 4). Whatever the treatment (surgical or not), a complete recovery (Frankel E) occurred in 14/15 (93.3 %) after a mean delay of 12 weeks (range 2-24 weeks). During the follow-up, seven collapses occurred. We estimated that a threshold of 30 % of osteolysis was associated with a significant risk of vertebral collapse (P = 0.005).
CONCLUSIONS: Hematological malignancies with epidural localization must be treated first medically, even in patients with neurological symptoms. Surgery should be considered only in the cases of acute vertebral collapse, medical treatment failure, or to prevent acute collapse in patients with vertebral osteolysis of more than 30 %.
Charles-Henri Flouzat-Lachaniette; Jérôme Allain; Françoise Roudot-Thoraval; Alexandre Poignard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-11-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1432-0932     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Spine J     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-04     Completed Date:  2013-08-26     Revised Date:  2014-03-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9301980     Medline TA:  Eur Spine J     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  548-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Decompression, Surgical
Epidural Space / pathology,  surgery
Lymphoma / complications,  pathology,  therapy*
Middle Aged
Multiple Myeloma / complications,  pathology,  therapy*
Retrospective Studies
Spinal Cord Compression / etiology,  pathology,  therapy*
Spine / pathology,  surgery

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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