Document Detail

Treatment of sleep problems in families with small children: is written information enough?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12222721     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to evaluate a standardized sleep programme, i.e. a two-step variation of graduated extinction, where the child is first taught to fall asleep by him/herself at bedtime (first intervention) and 2 wk later also after night wakings (second intervention). The outcome after consultations with a therapist followed by telephone support during both interventions was compared with the outcome after giving written information only during the first intervention and therapist support during the second. A total of 67 families with infants exhibiting spontaneous awakening and crying episodes during the night were randomly assigned to either programme. There were no significant differences in terms of outcome between the two groups. In both groups the number of registered night wakings decreased immediately following the first intervention. At registration, at 1 mo and 3 mo later, all parents, with the exception of one couple at the 3-mo follow-up, reported that the sleep problem had improved. Conclusion: If parents experience their infant's night awakenings as a problem, teaching their infant to fall asleep by him/herself usually solves this problem quickly. Written information is in most cases sufficient to help parents introduce the new evening routines.
B Eckerberg
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-11     Completed Date:  2003-01-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  952-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Paediatrics, Falun Hospital, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Child Rearing / psychology
Counseling / education*
Family Characteristics
Mass Media*
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Parents / education*,  psychology
Program Evaluation
Sleep Disorders / psychology,  therapy*
Social Support*
Time Factors
Comment In:
Acta Paediatr. 2002;91(8):866-7   [PMID:  12222705 ]

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