Document Detail


Treatment of postherpetic trigeminal neuralgia with the gamma knife.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11143238     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECT: Postherpetic neuralgia is a syndrome characterized by intractable pain. Treatment of this pain has not yet been successful. Patients with postherpetic neuralgia will therefore benefit from any progress in the treatment strategy. The authors performed gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) as a noninvasive treatment for postherpetic trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and evaluated the success rate for pain relief. METHODS: Between 1995 and February 1999, six men and 10 women were treated for postherpetic TN; conservative treatment failed in all of them. The median follow up was 33 months (range 8-34 months). The radiation was focused on the root of the trigeminal nerve in the vicinity of the brainstem (maximal dose 70-80 Gy in one fraction, 4-mm collimator). The patients were divided into five groups according to degree of pain relief after treatment. A successful result (excellent, very good, and good) was reached in seven (44%) patients and radiosurgery failed in nine (56%). Pain relief occurred after a median interval of 1 month (range 10 days-6 months). No radiation-related side effects have been observed in these patients. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that GKS for postherpetic TN is a relatively successful and safe method that can be used in patients even if they are in poor condition. In case this method fails, other treatment options including other neurosurgical procedures are not excluded.
Authors:
D Urgosík; J Vymazal; V Vladyka; R Liscák
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  93 Suppl 3     ISSN:  0022-3085     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  2000 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-12-15     Completed Date:  2001-01-11     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0253357     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  165-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Stereotactic and Radiation Neurosurgery, Na Homolce Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic. urgo@zero.cz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Herpes Zoster / complications*,  surgery
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Middle Aged
Pain Measurement
Radiosurgery*
Treatment Outcome
Trigeminal Neuralgia / etiology,  surgery*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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