Document Detail

Treatment of lead toxicity and crop stasis in a California condor (Gymnogyps californianus).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18229867     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A free-ranging California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) presented severely dehydrated, unable to stand, very weak, and with a distended crop. Toxicologic analysis revealed an elevated blood lead level of 291.4 microg/ ml. There was no evidence of lead exposure on radiographs. The condor was treated with chelating agents and intensive supportive care. Over a period of 10 days, a majority of its clinical signs improved, and lead levels dropped to near normal. However, the condor was left with a severe, persistent crop stasis and malnutrition. An esophagostomy tube, and later an ingluviostomy tube, were placed and maintained for a period of 1 mo. The condor was managed with continuous infusion feeding. After the feeding tube was removed, the condor was managed with small amounts of soft food orally. After 10 wk of treatment, the crop returned to normal function.
Janna Wynne; Cynthia Stringfield
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1042-7260     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Zoo Wildl. Med.     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-30     Completed Date:  2008-03-10     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8915208     Medline TA:  J Zoo Wildl Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  588-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Health Center, Los Angeles Zoo, 5333 Zoo Drive, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals, Wild
Bird Diseases / diagnosis*,  therapy
Chelating Agents / therapeutic use*
Crop, Avian / pathology*,  surgery
Lead Poisoning / diagnosis,  therapy,  veterinary*
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chelating Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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