Document Detail


Treatment of hypertension with biofeedback and relaxation techniques.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  356078     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study describes a 16-week trial of the use of a combination of biofeedback and relaxation techniques for the treatment of hypertension. Twenty-two hypertensive patients were randomly allocated to one of three groups: (1) diastolic blood pressure feedback, electromyographic feedback, and verbal relaxation; (2) sham blood pressure feedback; and (3) no treatment. For the 14 patients completing active treatment during an initial or crossover period, the average changes in blood pressure as measured outside the laboratory were minimal (0/-1 and +1/0 mm Hg, supine and standing, respectively). Average blood pressure reduction in the laboratory was no greater with active than with sham blood pressure feedback (-3/-2 vs. -5/-2 mm Hg). One subject, however, after showing no change in blood pressure during sham feedback, achieved pronounced and prolonged improvement following active treatment. Overall results do not support the usefulness of these techniques as primary therapy in most hypertensives.
Authors:
B L Frankel; D J Patel; D Horwitz; W T Friedewald; K R Gaarder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0033-3174     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:  1978 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-10-27     Completed Date:  1978-10-27     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  276-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Autogenic Training
Biofeedback, Psychology*
Female
Humans
Hypertension / therapy*
Male
Middle Aged
Muscle Relaxation
Patient Compliance
Practice (Psychology)
Relaxation Therapy*
Stress, Psychological

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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