Document Detail

Treating sensory impairments in the post-stroke upper limb with intermittent pneumatic compression. Results of a preliminary trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12617375     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) in treating sensory impairments in the hemiplegic upper limb in stroke patients. DESIGN: Twenty-three stroke patients were enrolled in a randomized, controlled preliminary trial that compared the application of intermittent pneumatic compression with a passive treatment strategy. SETTING: Four Belgian day centres for treatment of neurological disabilities. Four acute and rehabilitation care wards specialized in neurological treatment. SUBJECTS: Twenty-three stroke patients. INTERVENTIONS: The experimental group (n = 11) received standard physiotherapy combined with intermittent pneumatic compression treatment (10 cycles of 3 minutes with a peak of 40 mmHg) for their hemiplegic upper limb. The control group (n = 12) received supplementary to their conventional physiotherapy a placebo treatment, namely sham short-wave therapy on the hemiplegic shoulder for 30 minutes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sensory impairments were clinically assessed at three occasions over a period of four weeks using the Nottingham Sensory Assessment scale. RESULTS: Both groups improved in somatosensation over time, but the experimental group improved more than the control group (p= 0.036) or 81.1% improvement versus 30.9%. CONCLUSIONS: The use of intermittent pneumatic compression in the rehabilitation of stroke patients may be of clinical importance for the restoration of sensory function.
D C Cambier; E De Corte; L A Danneels; E E Witvrouw
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rehabilitation     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0269-2155     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Rehabil     Publication Date:  2003 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-05     Completed Date:  2003-05-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802181     Medline TA:  Clin Rehabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences & Physiotherapy, Ghent University, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Arm / physiology*
Hemiplegia / etiology*,  rehabilitation*
Middle Aged
Physical Therapy Modalities
Sensation Disorders / etiology*,  rehabilitation*
Stroke / complications*,  rehabilitation*
Treatment Outcome

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