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Treating Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction Related to Arterial Stiffness. Can we kill Two Birds with One Stone?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25426732     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Arterial hypertension (AH), arterial stiffness (AS), older age, and female gender are the main determinants of HFpEF, but several cardiac or extra-cardiac pathologies are also possible causes. The combined ventricular-vascular stiffening (abnormal left atrium-left ventricle coupling related to AS) is the main contributor of the increased prevalence of HFpEF in elderly persons, particularly elderly women, and in younger persons with AH. The hospitalization and mortality rates of HFpEF are similar to those of heart failure with reduced EF (HFrEF). However, although the prognosis of HFrEF has been substantially improved during the last 2 decades, the effective treatment of HFpEF remains an unmet need. Regimens effective in HFrEF have no substantial effect on HFpEF, because of different pathophysiologies of the 2 syndromes. Pipeline drugs seem promising, but it will take some years before they are commercially available. Aggressive treatment of noncardiac comorbidities seems to be the only option at hand. Treatment of anaemia, sleep disorders, chronic kidney disease (CKD), non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD), atrial fibrillation, diabetes, and careful use of diuretics to reduce preload are effective to some degree. Statin treatment, despite the presence of dyslipidaemia, deserves special attention because it has been proven, mainly in small studies or post hoc analyses of trials, that it offers a substantial improvement in quality of life and a reduction in mortality rates. We need to urgently utilize these recourses to relieve a considerable part of the general population suffering from HFpEF, a deadly disease.
Vasilios G Athyros; Efstathios D Pagourelias; Thomas D Gossios; Vasilios G Vasilikos
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current vascular pharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1875-6212     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Vasc Pharmacol     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101157208     Medline TA:  Curr Vasc Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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