Document Detail

Treated arterial hypertension--which echocardiographic parameters should we monitor?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20391899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: To identify discriminatory parameters of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in a group of patients with treated arterial hypertension (HTN). METHODS AND RESULTS: 95 patients with treated essential HTN, recruited from a cardiology outpatient clinic, with a regular follow-up of at least one year, were evaluated with conventional echocardiography and pulsed tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). A) controlled HTN and B) uncontrolled HTN. Peak systolic (Sm) and early diastolic (Em) myocardial velocities and the ratio of mitral inflow E wave to Em (E/Em) were assessed. All patients had preserved ejection fraction. TDI study was consistent with impaired systolic and diastolic parameters in patients with uncontrolled HTN: septal Sm (cm/s) 7.8 +/- 1.8 vs. 6.8 +/- 2.2 (p = 0.004); lateral Sm (cm/s) 9.1+/- 2.8 vs. 7.7 +/- 1.7 (p = 0.001); septal Em (cm/s) 7.9 +/- 1.8 vs. 6.8 +/- 1.8 (p = 0.002); lateral Em (cm/s) 9.9 +/- 2.8 vs. 8.23 +/- 2.7 (p = 0.002); mean E/Em 8.7 +/- 2.2 vs. 10.8 +/- 3.9 (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: In patients with uncontrolled HTN there are echocardiographic parameters that identify early changes in systolic function (reduction in septal and lateral Sm, with preserved ejection fraction) and diastolic function (with a reduction in septal and lateral Em). Regular monitoring of these parameters in hypertensive patients enables early identification of changes that may have repercussions on hypertension control.
Catarina S Sousa; Susana Gonçalves; Fausto J Pinto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista portuguesa de cardiologia : orgão oficial da Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia = Portuguese journal of cardiology : an official journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0870-2551     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Port Cardiol     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-15     Completed Date:  2010-07-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710716     Medline TA:  Rev Port Cardiol     Country:  Portugal    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  49-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Instituto Cardiovascular de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
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MeSH Terms
Follow-Up Studies
Hypertension / drug therapy*,  ultrasonography*
Middle Aged

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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