Document Detail


Treadmill running and static stretching improve long-lasting hyperalgesia, joint limitation, and muscle atrophy induced by cast immobilization in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23153829     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of exercise on chronic pain induced by immobilization are incompletely understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether 30min of treadmill running (TR; active exercise) and 10min of static stretching (SS; passive exercise) of the immobilized hindlimb reduce widespread chronic pain, joint limitation, and hindlimb muscle atrophy induced by cast immobilization in rats. One hindlimb of Sprague Dawley (SD) rats was immobilized for 2 weeks with a cast, and remobilization was conducted for 7 weeks. MRI study showed that cast immobilization had induced inflammatory changes in the immobilized hindlimb, beginning as early as 2h after cast removal; these changes continued for 2-3 days. Mechanical hyperalgesia in the calf and hindpaw developed as early as 2h after cast removal and continued for 7 weeks. TR and SS were initiated 3 days after cast removal and were continued 3 times per week for 2 weeks. Both forms of exercise significantly inhibited mechanical hyperalgesia in the calf and hindpaw in immobilized rats. Range-of-motion limitations in the knee and ankle joints and calf muscle atrophy after cast removal were also decreased by both TR and SS. This study is the first to demonstrate the beneficial effect of TR and SS on widespread chronic pain, joint limitation, and muscle atrophy in a cast-immobilized rat model.
Authors:
Atsuko Morimoto; Handriadi Winaga; Hiroki Sakurai; Mika Ohmichi; Takahiko Yoshimoto; Yusuke Ohmichi; Takuya Matsui; Takahiro Ushida; Tadashi Okada; Jun Sato
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroscience letters     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7972     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosci. Lett.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600130     Medline TA:  Neurosci Lett     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, Aichi Medical University, Aichi 480-1195, Japan; Multidisciplinary Pain Center, Aichi Medical University, Aichi 480-1195, Japan; Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Nagoya University, Aichi 464-8601, Japan.
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