Document Detail


Treadmill running frequency on anxiety and hippocampal adenosine receptors density in adult and middle-aged rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22064330     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Physical exercise protocols have varied widely across studies raising the question of whether there is an optimal intensity, duration and frequency that would produce maximal benefits in attenuating symptoms related to anxiety disorders. Although physical exercise causes modifications in neurotransmission systems, the involvement of neuromodulators such as adenosine has not been investigated after chronic exercise training. Anxiety-related behavior was assessed in the elevated plus-maze in adult and middle-aged rats submitted to 8weeks of treadmill running 1, 3 or 7days/week. The speed of running was weekly adjusted to maintain moderate intensity. The hippocampal adenosine A(1) and A(2A) receptors densities were also assessed. Treadmill running protocol was efficient in increasing physical exercise capacity in adult and middle-aged rats. All frequencies of treadmill running equally decreased the time spent in the open arms in adult animals. Middle-aged treadmill control rats presented lower time spent in the open arms than adult treadmill control rats. However, treadmill running one day/week reversed this age effect. Adenosine A(1) receptor was not changed between groups, but treadmill running counteracted the age-related increase in adenosine A(2A) receptors. Although treadmill running, independent from frequency, triggered anxiety in adult rats and treadmill running one day/week reversed the age-related anxiety, no consistent relationship was found with hippocampal adenosine receptors densities. Thus, our data suggest that as a complementary therapy in the management of mental disturbances, the frequency and intensity of physical exercise should be taken into account according to age. Besides, this is the first study reporting the modulation of adenosine receptors after chronic physical exercise, which could be important to prevent neurological disorders associated to increase in adenosine A(2A) receptors.
Authors:
Marcelo S Costa; Ana Paula Ardais; Gabriela T Fioreze; Sabrina Mioranzza; Paulo Henrique S Botton; Luis Valmor Portela; Diogo O Souza; Lisiane O Porciúncula
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology & biological psychiatry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-4216     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211617     Medline TA:  Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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