Document Detail

Traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis: Hangman's fracture.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7249446     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis is classified either as Type 1, an undisplaced fracture involving the posterior elements only, or Type 2, a displaced fracture involving the posterior elements plus the anterior structures. This classification is the basis of a rational treatment program. Neurologically, not one in a series of 42 patients was made worse by the proposed program of treatment. All fractures healed per primam without operative intervention. There was no evidence of late instability. The incidence of spinal cord and nerve root involvement was low although the incidence of associated trauma, particularly head trauma, was extremely high.
J W Pepin; R J Hawkins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical orthopaedics and related research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0009-921X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.     Publication Date:  1981 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-09-25     Completed Date:  1981-09-25     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0075674     Medline TA:  Clin Orthop Relat Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  133-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Axis / injuries*,  radiography
Fractures, Bone / classification,  radiography*,  surgery,  therapy
Middle Aged
Spine / anatomy & histology
Spondylolisthesis / radiography*,  surgery,  therapy

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