Document Detail


Traumatic brain injury: preferred methods and targets for resuscitation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20463488     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common cause of death and disability in pediatric trauma. This review looks at the strategies to treat TBI in a temporal fashion. We examine the targets for resuscitation from field triage to definitive care in the pediatric ICU. RECENT FINDINGS: Guidelines for the management of pediatric TBI exist. The themes of contemporary clinical research have been compliance with these guidelines and refinement of treatment recommendations developing a more sophisticated understanding of the pathophysiology of the injured brain. In the field, the aim has been to achieve routine compliance with the resuscitation goals. In the hospital, efforts have been directed at improving our ability to monitor the injured brain, developing techniques that limit brain swelling, and customizing brain perfusion. SUMMARY: As our understanding of pediatric TBI evolves, the ambition is that age-specific and perhaps individual brain injury strategies based upon feedback from continuous monitors will be defined. In addition, vogue methods such as hypothermia, hypertonic saline, and aggressive surgical decompression may prove to impact brain swelling and outcomes.
Authors:
Eric R Scaife; Kimberly D Statler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in pediatrics     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1531-698X     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Opin. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-13     Completed Date:  2010-08-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9000850     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Pediatr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  339-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Pediatric Trauma Service, Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. eric.scaife@hsc.utah.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Brain Edema / etiology,  physiopathology,  therapy
Brain Injuries / complications,  physiopathology*,  therapy*
Child
Decompression, Surgical
Humans
Hypothermia, Induced
Intensive Care / methods*
Monitoring, Physiologic / methods
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Resuscitation / methods*
Saline Solution, Hypertonic
Triage
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Saline Solution, Hypertonic

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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