Document Detail


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) 10-20 years later: a comprehensive outcome study of psychiatric symptomatology, cognitive abilities and psychosocial functioning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11260769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The goal of this study was to measure the very long-term mental and psychosocial outcomes of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Seventy-six persons with severe TBI were evaluated extensively by means of standardized scales, neuropsychological tests and evaluations by family members, at an average of 14.1 (SD = 5.5) years post-injury. Six mental and functional domains were examined: psychiatric symptomatology, cognitive abilities, vocational status, family integration, social functioning, and independence in daily routines. The findings indicate a long-term differential effect of severe TBI, with seriously affected psychiatric symptomatology, family and social domains, as compared to moderately influenced cognitive, vocational and independent functioning. Relatively high rates of depression, psychomotor slowness, loneliness and family members' sense of burden were found. In addition to their epidemiological importance, the results indicate that persons with TBI and their families may need professional assistance to maintain a reasonable psychosocial quality of life, even more than a decade post-injury.
Authors:
D Hoofien; A Gilboa; E Vakil; P J Donovick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain injury     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0269-9052     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Inj     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-26     Completed Date:  2001-07-26     Revised Date:  2014-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710358     Medline TA:  Brain Inj     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  189-209     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living / psychology
Adolescent
Adult
Brain Damage, Chronic / diagnosis*,  psychology,  rehabilitation
Brain Injury, Chronic / diagnosis*,  psychology,  rehabilitation
Caregivers / psychology
Cost of Illness
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders / diagnosis*,  psychology,  rehabilitation
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests*
Personality Assessment
Quality of Life
Rehabilitation, Vocational / psychology
Social Adjustment*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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