Document Detail

Trauma in pregnancy: maternal and fetal outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9680017     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy imposes significant physiologic demands that may confuse and complicate the evaluation, resuscitation, and definitive management of pregnant women who sustain trauma. Accurate prediction of fetal outcome after trauma remains elusive. The objective of this study was to characterize patterns of injury in pregnant women, to determine if pregnancy affects maternal morbidity and mortality after trauma, and to identify predictors of fetal death. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, case-control analysis of all injured pregnant patients admitted to the Trauma Service at the University of California San Diego Medical Center from 1985 to 1995. RESULTS: We identified 114 injured pregnant patients. Motor vehicle crashes accounted for 70% of injuries, and of these, 46% of patients were not using seat belts or helmets. Violence accounted for 12% of injuries. Injured pregnant women with Injury Severity Scores > 8 demonstrated similar mortality, morbidity, and length of stay to matched nonpregnant control patients. Pregnant women were more likely to sustain serious abdominal injury and were less likely to sustain severe head injury. Identified risk factors for fetal loss include maternal death, overall maternal injury severity, the presence of severe abdominal injury, and the presence of hemorrhagic shock. CONCLUSION: There appears to be a group of pregnant women in San Diego at high risk for traumatic injury who should be targeted for preventative strategies including improved seat belt use. Pregnancy does not increase mortality or morbidity after trauma but influences the pattern of injury. Maternal death, high Injury Severity Score, serious abdominal injury, and hemorrhagic shock are risk factors for fetal loss.
K H Shah; R K Simons; T Holbrook; D Fortlage; R J Winchell; D B Hoyt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of trauma     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0022-5282     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma     Publication Date:  1998 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-08-12     Completed Date:  1998-08-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376373     Medline TA:  J Trauma     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Trauma, University of California San Diego Medical Center, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Abdominal Injuries / diagnosis*
Fetal Death / etiology*
Injury Severity Score
Multiple Trauma / complications*,  mortality*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Shock, Hemorrhagic / complications,  etiology
Trauma Centers
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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