Document Detail


Transynaptic Changes Evident in Peripheral Axonal Function After Acute Cerebellar Infarct.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24939152     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The cerebellum has a vital role in fine motor control of the limbs. Consequently, downstream changes in peripheral axonal function may develop following a cerebellar infarct, in part, to adapt to the resultant impairment. The present study investigated changes in excitability in ipsilateral and contralateral upper limb peripheral motor axons in patients with acute cerebellar infarct to determine whether plastic changes may have functional relevance. Peripheral nerve excitability studies and detailed clinical assessments of functional impairment were undertaken in 13 patients with acute unilateral cerebellar infarct within 1 week of ictus. Changes were followed longitudinally over 1 year at 3, 6 and 12 months with results compared to 15 age-matched control subjects. Immediately following stroke, there were significant alterations in peripheral nerve excitability parameters in the upper limbs of patients compared to controls that were most evident in the more severely impaired group. There were significant correlations between excitability indices and functional scores in the entire cohort that demonstrated greater changes in axonal function associated with more impairment. Peripheral excitability trended towards normal over the study period in the context of clinical improvement. Following an acute cerebellar infarct, changes were observed in peripheral motor axons bilaterally that were more pronounced in patients with severe functional impairment. The peripheral changes may represent a functionally relevant plastic process reflecting altered activity to adapt to the disability of the stroke.
Authors:
William Huynh; Cindy S-Y Lin; Arun V Krishnan; Steve Vucic; Matthew C Kiernan
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cerebellum (London, England)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-4230     ISO Abbreviation:  Cerebellum     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101089443     Medline TA:  Cerebellum     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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