Document Detail

Transverse aortic wall tears in infants after balloon angioplasty for aortic valve stenosis: relation of aortic wall damage to diameter of inflated angioplasty balloon and aortic lumen in seven necropsy cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6238988     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Aortic wall tears resulting from rupture of dilating balloons in infants undergoing transluminal balloon angioplasty have not been previously recognized. A 2 day old infant had percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty to dilate a stenotic aortic valve, and after multiple balloon inflations the balloon burst. The infant died 2 days after undergoing transluminal balloon angioplasty and at necropsy a circumferential, transverse aortic wall tear was found. To test the hypothesis that rupture of appropriately sized balloons results in similar aortic wall tears, six unfixed, intact infant aortas were subjected to transluminal balloon angioplasty at necropsy: two infants had balloon rupture with inflated balloon diameter similar to that of the aorta, two had balloon rupture with an undersized balloon and two had dilation with an oversized balloon. Transverse wall tears occurred in aortas with similar aortic and balloon diameters; no aortic wall damage occurred with rupture of undersized balloons, and aortic rupture resulted from the use of oversized balloons. Thus, intimal-medial tears in the infant aorta may result from balloon bursting during angioplasty when aortic and inflated balloon diameters are similar.
B F Waller; D A Girod; J C Dillon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1984 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-12-27     Completed Date:  1984-12-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1235-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Balloon / adverse effects*,  instrumentation
Aorta / injuries*,  pathology
Aortic Rupture / etiology*,  pathology
Aortic Valve Stenosis / therapy*
Infant, Newborn

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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