Document Detail

Transport of carbon in non-green plastids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12167329     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Non-green plastids are important sites for the biosynthesis of starch and fatty acids, which are essential for plant development and reproduction, and have a significant role in human nutrition. Unlike chloroplasts, all the metabolites for these processes in non-green plastids have to be imported via specific transport proteins. Recent advances in unravelling the molecular structures and substrate specificities of the transporters connecting the biochemical pathways between cytosol and stroma now make it possible to develop models for metabolic fluxes in these pathways. The basic principle of adapting the transport capacities of the plastid envelope to the physiological needs of the plant is the variable production of closely related transporters with overlapping substrate specificities.
Karsten Fischer; Andreas Weber
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Trends in plant science     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1360-1385     ISO Abbreviation:  Trends Plant Sci.     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-08     Completed Date:  2002-10-02     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9890299     Medline TA:  Trends Plant Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  345-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Cologne, Botanical Institute, Cologne, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Adenosine Diphosphate Glucose / metabolism
Biological Transport, Active
Carbon / metabolism*
Carrier Proteins / metabolism
Fatty Acids / biosynthesis,  metabolism
Phosphoenolpyruvate / metabolism
Plants / cytology*,  metabolism*
Plastids / metabolism*
Starch / biosynthesis,  metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carrier Proteins; 0/Fatty Acids; 2140-58-1/Adenosine Diphosphate Glucose; 73-89-2/Phosphoenolpyruvate; 7440-44-0/Carbon; 9005-25-8/Starch

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