Document Detail

Transmission of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus to a preterm infant through breast milk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23805943     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Contrary to traditional belief, breast milk is not a sterile fluid, even in healthy women. Breast milk may contain pathogenic bacteria that could cause serious infections especially in premature infants. There is no recommendation to evaluate breast milk routinely for pathogenic bacteria. However discontinuation of breastfeeding is not recommended even the mother had mastitis, since it is believed this will not pose a risk to infant. This is the report of a premature infant born at the 32nd gestational week who was readmitted to neonatal intensive care unit with late-onset Staphylococcus aureus sepsis. While searching for the transmission route of the infection, the breast milk was assessed. Although the mother did not have any symptoms of breast inflammation, S. aureus isolates, genetically 99% similar to those from the infant blood samples, were documented in the breast milk. Conclusion: Breast milk may contain pathogenic bacteria, even when expressed, stored and transported properly. When evaluating the source of a S. aureus infection in preterm infants, breast milk might be the source of the infection, even if the mother has no sign of mastitis.
Petek Genc Kayıran; Fusun Can; Sinan Mahir Kayıran; Onder Ergonul; Berkan Gürakan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Pediatrics, American Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
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