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Transmission efficiency of Francisella tularensis by adult american dog ticks (Acari: Ixodidae).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21845949     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Say) (Acari: Ixodidae), has been implicated as a potential bridging vector to humans of Francisella tularensis, the etiological agent of tularemia. Since the initial studies evaluating vector competency of D. variabilis were conducted, F. tularensis has been subdivided into subspecies and clades that differ in their geographical distribution in the United States and in the severity of infections caused in humans. Here, we demonstrate that D. variabilis nymphs efficiently acquire, transtadially maintain, and transmit each of the strains tested (clades A1b and A2, and type B). Transmission efficiency by adult females was similarly high among infection groups and ranged from 58% for type B to 89% for A2 infections. In addition, we demonstrated that transmission can occur shortly after tick attachment. These findings support the concept that D. variabilis adults may play a significant role in epizootic transmission of F. tularensis, and as a bridging vector to humans.
Authors:
Sara M Reese; Jeannine M Petersen; Sarah W Sheldon; Marc C Dolan; Gabrielle Dietrich; Joseph Piesman; Rebecca J Eisen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical entomology     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0022-2585     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Med. Entomol.     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375400     Medline TA:  J Med Entomol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  884-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Bacterial Diseases Branch, Division of Vector Borne Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3150 Rampart Road, Fort Collins, CO, USA.
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