Document Detail

Transmission of Campylobacter spp. to chickens during transport to slaughter.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16238745     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of Campylobacter-contaminated transport crates and to determine whether contaminated crates represent a risk for contamination of chickens during transport to slaughter. METHODS AND RESULTS: Samples were collected from cleaned transport crates before they were dispatched to the farms. Chicken groups were sampled within 24 h before transport to slaughter and at the slaughterhouse. Campylobacter spp. were isolated from 69 of 122 (57%) sampled batches of transport crates. Twenty-six slaughter groups, negative at farm level, were transported in batches of crates from which Campylobacter spp. had been isolated. In 11 (42%) of these 26 slaughter groups, Campylobacter spp. were found in samples taken at slaughter. The corresponding figure for at-farm-negative slaughter groups transported in negative crates was four (15%) testing positive at slaughterhouse of 27 slaughter groups [relative risk (RR) = 2.9, 95% CI 1.1-7.3]. In four of 11 slaughter groups, genetic subtyping by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was able to support the hypothesis of contamination from crates to chickens during transport to slaughter. CONCLUSIONS: Despite washing and disinfection, crates were frequently contaminated with Campylobacter and it could have contaminated chickens during transport to slaughter. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Campylobacter-positive crates are a risk factor for chickens testing campylobacter-positive at slaughter.
I Hansson; M Ederoth; L Andersson; I Vågsholm; E Olsson Engvall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied microbiology     Volume:  99     ISSN:  1364-5072     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-21     Completed Date:  2006-02-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706280     Medline TA:  J Appl Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1149-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Bacteriology, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Campylobacter / genetics,  isolation & purification
Campylobacter Infections / epidemiology,  genetics,  transmission*
Chickens / microbiology*
Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field / methods
Equipment Contamination
Food Handling / instrumentation*,  methods
Food Microbiology*
Poultry Diseases / transmission*
Risk Factors
Sweden / epidemiology
Transportation / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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