Document Detail

Translocation of the temporalis muscle for treatment of facial paralysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7144806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Our purpose was to characterize in the rhesus monkey the structure and function of vascularized temporalis muscle flaps innervated by the facial nerve after translocation into the site of the denervated zygomaticus muscle. Animals were killed at 28 to 120 days following translocation. Control data were obtained from the contralateral side. Twenty-eight days after translocation, the time to reach peak twitch tension and one-half relaxation time were 170% of control zygomaticus muscle. Contraction times decreased with time and reached control values by 100 days. Absolute isometric tetanic tension was not different between the flap (4.29 +/- 1.28 newtons; X +/- SEM) and control zygomaticus (3.95 +/- 0.80 newtons). Succinate oxidase activity of the flap decreased from 279 +/- 18 nl O2/mg protein/min to control zygomaticus values (98 +/- 18) by 110 days. The type 1 fiber cross-sectional area of the flap was 52% of control temporalis muscle and 150% of control zygomaticus muscle (P less than 0.05). The temporalis flap demonstrated viable structure and function and appeared useful in facial movements.
T P White; J A Faulkner; J M Markley; L C Maxwell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Muscle & nerve     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0148-639X     ISO Abbreviation:  Muscle Nerve     Publication Date:  1982 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-01-07     Completed Date:  1983-01-07     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803146     Medline TA:  Muscle Nerve     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  500-4     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Facial Paralysis / surgery*
Macaca mulatta
Muscle Contraction*
Muscle Denervation
Muscles / enzymology,  physiology*,  transplantation
Succinate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
Surgical Flaps*
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
EC Dehydrogenase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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