Document Detail

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for refractory ascites: an analysis of the literature on efficacy, morbidity, and mortality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14638358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is frequently used to treat patients with refractory ascites, but its role is controversial. We sought to determine from the literature the efficacy, morbidity, and mortality associated with TIPS for refractory ascites. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and identified studies published in English from January, 1985, to March, 2003, that evaluated the effect of TIPS in patients with refractory ascites. Outcomes that were analyzed included complete resolution of ascites, reduction in ascites, mortality, encephalopathy, stenosis, and renal function. Data were analyzed on an intention to treat basis. RESULTS: Of 25 studies identified, 16 were included in the analysis. The pooled estimate for complete response at 6 months was 45% and for any response (complete and partial) was 63%. Pooled 6-month mortality after TIPS was 36%. Risk factors for mortality included renal insufficiency (serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dl), hyperbilirubinemia (total bilirubin >3 mg/dl), advanced age (>60 yr), and poor response to TIPS. The pooled rate of new or worsening encephalopathy after TIPS was 32%. In most cases, encephalopathy was managed medically or by reduction in shunt size; however, refractory cases were associated with 100% mortality in most studies. Studies reporting the effect of TIPS on kidney function showed improvement in creatinine clearance and urinary sodium excretion. CONCLUSIONS: TIPS is effective in eliminating ascites or substantially reducing ascites in cases refractory to medical therapy. Renal insufficiency, refractory encephalopathy, and hyperbilirubinemia were consistently associated with mortality after TIPS. In individuals with risk factors for mortality, alternative strategies should be recommended.
Mark W Russo; Asheesh Sood; Ira M Jacobson; Robert S Brown
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  98     ISSN:  0002-9270     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2003 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-25     Completed Date:  2004-01-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421030     Medline TA:  Am J Gastroenterol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2521-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7080, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Ascites / diagnosis,  mortality*,  surgery*
Cause of Death*
Cohort Studies
Middle Aged
Morbidity / trends
Portasystemic Shunt, Transjugular Intrahepatic / methods,  mortality*
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Severity of Illness Index
Statistics as Topic
Survival Analysis
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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