Document Detail

Transitioning preterm infants with nasogastric tube supplementation: increased likelihood of breastfeeding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10363538     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare nasogastric tube and bottle supplementation as two means of transitioning preterm infants to breastfeeding within an established breastfeeding support program. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled trial; mothers and health care providers, who were not blinded. SETTING: Metropolitan private regional perinatal center; 40-bed intensive-care nursery. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-four preterm breastfed infants whose birth weight was 1,000-2,500 g. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of exclusive and partial breastfeeding at discharge from the intensive-care nursery, and at 3 days, 3 months, and 6 months after discharge. RESULTS: Compared with infants receiving bottle supplements, infants receiving nasogastric tube supplements were more likely to be breastfeeding at discharge and at 3 days, 3 months and 6 months, after adjusting for confounding variables. Odds ratios (confidence intervals = 95%) showed that the group receiving nasogastric supplements was 4.5 times (1.4 to 15) more likely to be breastfed at discharge and 9.4 times more likely to be fully breastfed (3.1 to 28.4). There were significantly fewer apnea and bradycardia episodes in the group receiving nasogastric supplements, although they had more episodes that required stimulation for resolution. Groups were not different with respect to length of hospitalization and infant weight at discharge. CONCLUSIONS: Using nasogastric tube supplementation during transition to oral feedings increases the likelihood of breastfeeding at discharge, 3 days, 3 months, and 6 months. This intervention requires a program with skilled personnel and an environment that allows the mother and infant to be in close physical proximity. Further study should investigate differences in the effects on maternal confidence, imprinting, and suck mechanism when preterm infants are bottle fed and breastfed.
P A Kliethermes; M L Cross; M G Lanese; K M Johnson; S D Simon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0884-2175     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    1999 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-28     Completed Date:  1999-07-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  264-73     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Children's Mercy Hospital, Section of Neonatology, Kansas City, MO 64108-4698, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding*
Delivery, Obstetric / methods
Enteral Nutrition / methods*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Intubation, Gastrointestinal* / adverse effects
Linear Models
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Patient Education as Topic

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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