Document Detail

Transition of nodular toxic goiter to autoimmune hyperthyroidism triggered by 131I therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10365679     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The use of 131I treatment in nodular toxic goiter is widely accepted. In this article, we describe transition of nodular toxic goiter into an autoimmune toxic goiter with development of thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAb) as a side effect of 131I treatment. In this retrospective study, 149 patients with nodular toxic goiter (100 with multinodular goiter, 49 with a solitary autonomously functioning toxic nodule) were studied. Of these 149 patients 100 became permanently euthryoid after 1 dose of 131I, and due to persistent hyperthyroidism, 32 patients needed 2-5 doses to became euthyroid. After becoming euthyroid, none of these 132 patients had relapse of hyperthyroidism in the follow-up period. Based on evaluation of the thyroid hormone variables, 17 of 149 patients had a distinctly different pattern in the changes in thyroid hormones. They developed an increase in FT4I 3-6 months posttreatment after an initial fall in FT4I. Twelve of these 17 patients were treated with antithyroid drugs before the initial 131I dose. On samples of frozen sera (-20 degrees C) anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) and TRAb were followed for 6 months after 131I treatment in these 17 patients. A similar follow-up was done in 20 patients (10 with and 10 without antithyroid drug pretreatment), randomly selected from the patients who did not relapse. In the remaining 112 patients, anti-TPO and TRAb levels were measured only before the 131I treatment. Of the 17 patients with relapse, 6 developed TRAb concomitant with recurrence of hyperthyroidism (4% of the study group). In 5 of the 17 patients TRAb values remained absent throughout the follow-up period. The remaining 6 patients had elevated TRAb values before 131I treatment. Among the 132 patients who did not relapse, an additional 7 cases with presence of TRAb were found. A total of 9% of the study group was found to have TRAb before 131I pretreatment. Anti-TPO was found in 20 of 149 patients (13%) before 131I treatment. Complications, either hypothyroidism or TRAb-associated hyperthyroidism, were seen in 8 of 20 patients (40%) with anti-TPO before 131I treatment, compared to 9 of 129 (7%) without (p<0.005). In conclusion, TRAb and a Graves' like hyperthyroidism can be triggered by 131I treatment in patients with nodular toxic goiter. The presence of anti-TPO seem to be a marker of an increased risk of development of TRAb-associated hyperthyroidism as well as hypothyroidism, but both side effects can be seen despite the absence of anti-TPO autoantibodies.
B Nygaard; J Faber; A Veje; L Hegedüs; J M Hansen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1050-7256     ISO Abbreviation:  Thyroid     Publication Date:  1999 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-22     Completed Date:  1999-07-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9104317     Medline TA:  Thyroid     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  477-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Endocrinology F, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Follow-Up Studies
Goiter, Nodular / radiotherapy*
Graves Disease / etiology*
Iodine Radioisotopes / adverse effects*
Middle Aged
Radiotherapy / adverse effects*
Retrospective Studies
Thyroid Function Tests
Thyroid Gland / physiopathology,  radiation effects
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Iodine Radioisotopes

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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