Document Detail


Transfer of movement sequences: bigger is better.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17723220     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Experiment 1 was conducted to determine if proportional transfer from "small to large" scale movements is as effective as transferring from "large to small." We hypothesize that the learning of larger scale movement will require the participant to learn to manage the generation, storage, and dissipation of forces better than when practicing smaller scale movements. Thus, we predict an advantage for transfer of larger scale movements to smaller scale movements relative to transfer from smaller to larger scale movements. Experiment 2 was conducted to determine if adding a load to a smaller scale movement would enhance later transfer to a larger scale movement sequence. It was hypothesized that the added load would require the participants to consider the dynamics of the movement to a greater extent than without the load. The results replicated earlier findings of effective transfer from large to small movements, but consistent with our hypothesis, transfer was less effective from small to large (Experiment 1). However, when a load was added during acquisition transfer from small to large was enhanced even though the load was removed during the transfer test. These results are consistent with the notion that the transfer asymmetry noted in Experiment 1 was due to factors related to movement dynamics that were enhanced during practice of the larger scale movement sequence, but not during the practice of the smaller scale movement sequence. The findings that the movement structure is unaffected by transfer direction but the movement dynamics are influenced by transfer direction is consistent with hierarchal models of sequence production.
Authors:
Noah J Dean; Attila J Kovacs; Charles H Shea
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-08-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta psychologica     Volume:  127     ISSN:  0001-6918     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Psychol (Amst)     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-21     Completed Date:  2008-04-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370366     Medline TA:  Acta Psychol (Amst)     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  355-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4243, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Arm / physiology
Female
Humans
Male
Movement / physiology*
Practice (Psychology)
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Random Allocation
Retention (Psychology) / physiology
Serial Learning / physiology*
Students / psychology
Task Performance and Analysis
Transfer (Psychology) / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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