Document Detail


Transcutaneous electrical acustimulation can reduce visceral perception in patients with the irritable bowel syndrome: a pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14727498     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Acupuncture has been used as a therapy for various gastrointestinal disorders, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, there is scant information on the effect of acupuncture on gut physiology. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acustimulation (TEAS) on rectal tone, compliance and perception in IBS patients. METHODS: Seven patients with diarrhea-predominant IBS were studied during control, sham stimulation and acupoints (ST36 and P6) stimulation periods. Rectal tone, compliance and perception to rectal balloon distension were assessed with a barostat apparatus. RESULTS: Acustimulation at ST36 and P6, but not sham stimulation, significantly increased the threshold of rectal sensation of gas, desire to defecate and pain, as compared to control period. However, rectal tone and compliance were not significantly affected during TEAS. CONCLUSIONS: TEAS, at the above acupoints, can reduce rectal sensitivity in IBS patients. The effect is not modulated by changes in rectal biomechanics.
Authors:
Jinhong Xing; Brett Larive; Negy Mekhail; Edy Soffer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alternative therapies in health and medicine     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1078-6791     ISO Abbreviation:  Altern Ther Health Med     Publication Date:    2004 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-19     Completed Date:  2004-02-13     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502013     Medline TA:  Altern Ther Health Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  38-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterology, Biostatistics, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Diarrhea / etiology,  therapy*
Female
Humans
Irritable Bowel Syndrome / physiopathology,  therapy*
Male
Middle Aged
Pain Threshold*
Pilot Projects
Rectum / physiopathology
Sensitivity and Specificity
Severity of Illness Index
Time Factors
Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation*
Treatment Outcome
Viscera* / physiopathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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