Document Detail

Transcriptional repression of the microphthalmia gene in melanoma cells correlates with the unresponsiveness of target genes to ectopic microphthalmia-associated transcription factor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11886515     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In the melanocyte, expression of genes required for pigment formation is mediated by the microphthalmia transcription factor, which is also critical for the development and survival of normal melanocytes during embryogenesis. Here we show that the expression of the melanocyte-specific isoform of microphthalmia transcription factor is lost in a subset of human melanoma cell lines, accompanied by the repression of tyrosinase and tyrosinase-related proteins 1 and 2, the three transcriptional target genes for microphthalmia. After the forced expression of microphthalmia transcription factor in melanoma cells where the expression of endogenous microphthalmia gene was found to be extinguished, no restoration of the melanogenic phenotype occurred and the transcription of the three microphthalmia transcription factor target genes remained silent. The transcription activation domain of microphthalmia transcription factor, tested as a GAL-MITF fusion protein, remained fully functional in these cells, however, and ectopic microphthalmia transcription factor localized normally to the nucleus and bound to the tyrosinase initiator E-box in gel retardation assays. Thus, the block of differentiation in microphthalmia-transcription-factor-negative melanomas extended the transcriptional repression of the microphthalmia transcription factor gene alone, and endogenous promoters in these melanoma cells became no longer responsive to microphthalmia transcription factor when this was substituted exogenously. The data presented suggest that a specific nuclear context is required for the transcriptional activation of the melanocyte markers by the microphthalmia transcription factor in malignant melanocytes and this specificity is lost concomitantly with the transcriptional repression of microphthalmia transcription factor.
J Vachtenheim; H Novotna; G Ghanem
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of investigative dermatology     Volume:  117     ISSN:  0022-202X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Invest. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2001 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-03-11     Completed Date:  2002-04-05     Revised Date:  2010-06-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0426720     Medline TA:  J Invest Dermatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1505-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, University Hospital, IIIrd Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague-Bulovka, Czech Republic.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Division / genetics
DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry,  genetics*,  pharmacology
Fungal Proteins / genetics
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / physiology*
Genetic Markers
Intramolecular Oxidoreductases / genetics
Melanocytes / cytology,  physiology
Membrane Glycoproteins*
Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor
Monophenol Monooxygenase / genetics
Peptide Fragments / metabolism,  pharmacology
Protein Structure, Tertiary / genetics
Proteins / genetics
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
Skin Neoplasms*
Transcription Factors / genetics
Transcription, Genetic / physiology*
Tumor Cells, Cultured
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA-Binding Proteins; 0/Fungal Proteins; 0/GAL4 protein, S cerevisiae; 0/Genetic Markers; 0/MITF protein, human; 0/Membrane Glycoproteins; 0/Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor; 0/Peptide Fragments; 0/Proteins; 0/Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins; 0/Transcription Factors; EC 1.-/Oxidoreductases; EC 1.14.18.-/TYRP1 protein, human; EC 1.14.18.-/tyrosinase-related protein-1; EC Monooxygenase; EC 5.3.-/Intramolecular Oxidoreductases; EC isomerase

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