Document Detail

Transcriptional control of T-cell development.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21948191     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
T lymphocytes, which are central players in orchestrating immune responses, consist of several subtypes with distinct functions. The thymus is an organ where hematopoietic progenitors undergo sequential developmental processes to give rise to this variety of T-cell subsets with diverse antigen specificity. In the periphery, naive T cells further differentiate into effector cells upon encountering antigens. There are several developmental checkpoints during T-cell development, where regulation by a combination of transcription factors imprints specific functional properties on precursors. The transcription factors E2A, GATA-binding protein 3 (Gata3) and RUNT-related transcription factor (Runx) are involved at various stages in the differentiation of double-negative thymocytes and in β-selection, as are transcription factors from the Notch signaling pathway; other transcription factors such as B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 11b (Bcl11b), myeloblastosis viral oncogene homolog (Myb) and inhibitor of DNA binding 3 (Id3) are involved at specific stages. Differentiation of T cells into helper versus cytotoxic cells involves not only antagonistic interplay between Runx and T(h) inducing POZ-Kruppel factor (ThPOK) but also complex interactions between MAZR, Gata3 and Myb in the activation and silencing of genes such as Cd4 and Cd8 as well as the gene that encodes ThPOK itself. A wide range of well-defined transcription factors, including signal transducer and activator of transcriptions (STATs), T-bet, Gata3, nuclear factor of activated T cell (NFAT), adaptor-related protein complex 1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), are known to shape T(h)1/T(h)2 differentiation. Runx and Gata3 also operate in this process, as do c-Maf and recombining binding protein for immunoglobulin Jκ region (RBP-J) and the chromatin-reorganizing protein special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 1 (SATB1). In this review, we briefly discuss how T-cell characteristics are acquired and become divergent from the point of view of transcriptional regulation.
Taku Naito; Hirokazu Tanaka; Yoshinori Naoe; Ichiro Taniuchi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  International immunology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-2377     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8916182     Medline TA:  Int Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Laboratory of Transcriptional Regulation, RIKEN Research Institute for Allergy and Immunology, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan.
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